The Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center

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Finding Aid to the Daniel Sutherland Anthony Papers, 1942-1976

Processed by James Stuart Osbourn. Revised July 2008 by Chad Leinaweaver.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Daniel Sutherland Anthony Papers
Dates: 1942-1976
Extent: 0.96 linear feet (12 files)
Abstract: This collection consists of the administrative records and correspondence of Daniel S. Anthony pertaining to his work with the U.S. Department of War, the Muncie Community Discussion Council, and the Newark Human Rights Commission.
Provenance: Provenance unknown.
Preferred Citation: Daniel Sutherland Anthony Papers, the Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center, Newark Public Library.

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Restrictions on Access

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

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Biographical Note

Daniel Sutherland Anthony was born in Easton, Pennsylvania, on November 30, 1912. He completed high school in 1930, attended Mercersburg Academy (Mercersburg, Penn.) in 1931 and was graduated from Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island in 1935. He was employed in private industry, working in the areas of personnel and sales supervision until the United States entry into World War II in 1941.

Upon entering the U.S. Army in 1942, Mr. Anthony was assigned to the Adjutant General’s School. There he became an instructor in the training of military personnel by counseling incoming inductees. The task was to assay the capabilities of the inductee in order to more efficiently place the person properly within the military’s vast organization. By 1943, the War Department, aware of the forthcoming need to reorient millions of military personnel to peacetime pursuits upon cessation of hostilities, established a separation system for this purpose. In 1945, Daniel S. Anthony was appointed director of the Training Department at the Separation Center located at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland.

In 1946, following his own separation from military service, Daniel S. Anthony went to work for the National Institute of Social Relations Inc. in Washington, D.C. The Institute, established in February of that year, was concerned about the social problems in America and their impact on the American democratic structure. It was thought that a way to strengthen democratic values and arrest the growth of social ills could be aided by the establishment of local community groups, composed of residents where problems could be resolved through discussion. Daniel S. Anthony was assigned to be director of the newly established center in Muncie, Indiana. He remained there for two years.

During this period he attended Ball State Teachers College, taking graduate courses in clinical psychology, counseling, and counseling practicum. In 1953 he came to Newark, New Jersey as executive director of the newly established Mayor's Commission on Group Relations. This organization had been established in October of that year. He was to remain at this post until he resigned in 1963. This came about due to differences with the mayor, Hugh Addonizio, and members of his staff over policy. The commission at Newark was the first permanent civil rights commission in New Jersey. Earlier, after coming to New Jersey, Mr. Anthony had served as Regional Director of the National Conference of Christians and Jews. During this time he experimented with new psychological techniques for reducing prejudice and discrimination in individuals and groups. He organized the Rutgers Workshop in Human Relations for Community Leadership, which he directed for three years.

From 1954 through 1958, Mr. Anthony taught a course in Leadership Development and Community Organization for Better Human Relations at the New School for Social Research in New York City. In 1961 he became a recipient of a Ford Foundation Grant that made him a fellow at the newly established Urban Studies Center at Rutgers University. Since his departure from Newark Mr. Anthony continued his interest in graphology, teaching courses on the psychology of handwriting at the New School. He has also acted as a management consultant to business and industry, handwriting analysis to the New Jersey Courts and as a documents expert to the legal profession. Daniel S. Anthony retired in 1980.

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Scope and Content

The collection can be divided into three segments: the period 1942-1945, U.S. Department of War; 1946-1948, Muncie (Indiana) Community Discussion Council; and 1952-1963, Newark (New Jersey) Human Rights Commission.

The first portion of the collection relates to the U.S. Department of War and outlines the army's counselor training program. Included are histories of how the program was initially developed. There is a great deal of material pertaining to the personal service records of Mr. Anthony.

The second portion contains the records of the National Institute of Social Relations, Inc. They basically relate to the activities of the Muncie Community Discussion Council in the period when Mr. Anthony was director. Important material exists relating to racial and ethnic discrimination, Red-baiting and anti-communist activity. This material is valuable as it reflects the thinking of a mid-western community in the United States in the period following the end of World War II, as the black civil rights movement got underway and the world power struggle between the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. threatened renewed warfare.

The most important portion of the third segment on the Newark Human Rights Commission 1952-1963 relates to the conflict at the onset of the Addonizio administration between the mayor, certain members of his staff, and Commission director Anthony, on matters of policy. There is important material relating to matters regarding a civilian review board, police brutality and minority hiring in the building trade unions. Certain materials cover the development of the commission in the early 1950's when it was called the Mayor's Commission on Group Relations. Other items included Mr. Anthony's activities at Rutgers University in the area of human relations and urban renewal and his work in handwriting analysis.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, places, and forms documented in this collection.

Subject Names:

Anthony, Daniel S.

Subject Organizations:

Muncie Community Discussion Council—History—Sources.
Newark Human Rights Commission—History—Sources.

Subject Topics:

Civil rights workers—United States—Biography.
Community development consultants—United States—Biography.
Minorities—Employment—New Jersey—Newark—History—Sources.
Newark (N.J.)—Politics and government—20th century—Sources.
Police brutality—New Jersey—Newark—History—Sources.
United States—Armed Forces—Personnel management—History—20th century—Sources.

Subject Places:

Muncie (Ind.)
Newark (N.J.).

Document Types:

Administrative reports.
Annual reports.
Correspondence.
Curricula.
Fliers.
Job applications.
Memorandums.
Minutes.
Notes.
Personal papers.
Photographs.
Press releases.
Publications.
Résumés.
Scrapbooks.

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Container List

Box
Folder
Description
Dates
1 1 U.S. Department of War, Adjutant General's School. Curriculum-counselor training for utilization of manpower in war effort. 1942-1945
1 2 U.S. Department of War Adjutant General's School, Curriculum-counselor training for separation of military personnel; includes history, charts, forms. 1945
1 3 U.S. Department of War, Personal papers of Daniel Sutherland Anthony. 1942-1946
1 4 Daniel Sutherland Anthony, personal papers. Employment material, letters, applications, résumé, printed material. 1945-1946
1 5 Miscellaneous: American Legion National Employment Conference, report on veteran job opportunities (February 1946); Letter to James Forrestal from C.S. Golden, Ch. CIO Veteran’s Committee, March 1, 1946 attached. 1946
2 6 National Institute of Social Relations, Inc. publication Let's Talk It Over, fact sheet, flier 1946-1948
2 7 Muncie Community Discussion Council. correspondence, reports, notes. 1946-1948
2 8 Muncie Community Discussion Council. Scrapbook. 1946-1947
2 9 Printed material. The X-Ray, various issues. 1946-1949
3 10 Newark Human Rights Commission. Correspondence, minutes, annual reports, press releases, memoranda, reports, fliers. 1952-1963
3 11 Printed Material. Various flyers relating to human rights, urban renewal & social issues studies at Rutgers University, New School for Social Research; N.A.A.C.P. flier; material on handwriting analysis. 1953-1976
3 12 Photographs. "Fair Employment Practice Week" Newark, N.J., 1953. Daniel S. Anthony, Joanne Anthony(?), Muncie Community Discussion Council (?) award. 1953, n.d.

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