|Title:||Rabin and Krueger Gallery Collection|
|Dates:||1903-2003 (bulk: 1935-1961)|
|Extent:||6.17 lin. ft. (2 file drawers & 1 oversize flat box)|
|Abstract:||Collection of papers, photographs, etc. pertaining to artists represented by the Cooperative Gallery and later thr Rabin and Krueger Gallery in Newark, New Jersey.|
|Provenance:||Gift of Bernard Rabin, ca. 1974.|
|Preferred Citation:||This collection should be cited as: Rabin and Krueger Gallery Collection, Special Collections Division, Newark Public Library.|
|Collection Call Number:||RG 4|
Available by appointment only.
Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.
Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
The Rabin and Krueger Collection is comprised of the contents of the files from the two galleries operated by Bernard Rabin and Nathan Krueger. These contents include correspondence, photographs and negatives, both of artists, their works, and their installations, gallery notices, gallery brochures, clippings, artist book project materials, and holiday cards. The gallery represented contemporary artists, and most of them were painters. The artists were from both the United States, mostly New Jersey, and Europe, mostly Italy, and included Bernard Gussow, Henry Gasser, Raphael Soyer, and Joseph Stella.
With the exception of some material concerning a 1981 exhibit about Rabin and Krueger, materials dated after the gallery closing were presumed to be added by library staff and were removed to the artists' information files.
Nathan Krueger – born 1916; died October 29, 1961, Newark, NJ.
Krueger was known for his assistance to and encouragement of young artists, but also as a strong promoter and supporter of the Newark Museum. In 1938 he was instrumental in their acquisition of Joseph Stella's five panel New York Interpreted (1922), which the Museum owns to this day. Krueger was a patron of Rafael Soyer, about whom Krueger edited and published a book called: Raphael Soyer Paintings and Drawings. In addition to his work with Bernard Rabin, Krueger was a leader in establishing the American Arts Congress in New Jersey, as well as sponsoring several art groups in New York.
Bernard Rabin – born November 1, 1916, Bronx, NY; died March 24, 2003, Boynton Beach, FL.
Mr. Rabin studied at Newark State Teachers College (now, Kean University) but was expelled for exhibiting a nude painting. He was later awarded an honorary degree by the university. In addition to his work with Nathan Krueger and their gallery he was renowned for his work in art restoration.
He studied with Brooklyn Museum conservators Sheldon and Caroline Keck. He was credited with developing a method for removing a painting from its original canvas and transferring it intact to a new support.
Mr. Rabin led the American team of restoration experts at the Uffizi Galleries in Florence after the floods of November 1966. He also was credited with saving a waterlogged collection of early musical instruments at Florence's Bardini museum.
He refurbished the Brumidi fresco inside the Capital dome in Washington, D.C. and restored the ceiling at the U.S. Library of Congress. He restored a portrait of Andrew Jackson in the White House. He worked on many works at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art and Museum of Modern Art, including Monet's Water Lillies.
He was a Fellow of the American Institute of Conservation and the International Institute of Conservation. He taught conservation and restoration at Princeton, where he was conservator of the university's art collection.
Together they established the Rabin and Krueger American Drawing Fund at the Newark Museum.
Bernard Rabin and Nathan Krueger met in 1927 at an art class at Fawcett School (later the Newark School of Fine and Industrial Arts). They began what would be a 26 year partnership as Newark art dealers on November 1, 1935. They established their first gallery, The Cooperative Gallery, May 1, 1936, at 120 Washington Street, to reflect the "American scene as local artists portrayed it." The gallery also offered framing and restoration services.
Their first show included works by John R. Grabach, Bernard Gussow, Raphel Soyer, Diego Rivera, Joseph Stella, and Bertram Hartman. In 1937 they showed the works of six photographers, including Berenice Abbott, Margaret Bourke-White and Irving Rusinow. In 1937 they also sponsored, with the American Artists Congress, the "First Annual New Jersey Competitive Exhibition."
In 1939 they changed the name to the Rabin and Krueger Gallery and relocated to 95 Halsey Street. The gallery moved for the last time in 1946 to 47 Halsey Street, Newark, where they continued exhibitions and the framing and restoration business. In 1947 they hired James Nutile, a young artist who started as a part-time framer. He moved to full-time and helped Krueger design special frame moldings.
After their 20th anniversary in 1956 Rabin began to focus on art conservation. This interest took him on a work–study program at the Uffizi Galleries. Krueger began work on a monograph on Raphael Soyer entitled Raphael Soyer Paintings and Drawings that was published in 1961.
On October 29, 1961 Nathan Krueger died. Rabin was deeply involved in his conservation but decided to keep the gallery open and offered gallery partnership to James Nutile who accepted. After the riots in the summer of 1967 Newark fell on severely hard times, with business and home-owners fleeing the city. Nutile considered moving the gallery but decided, instead, with Rabin, to close its doors in 1974.
Bernard Rabin continued with his conservation and restoration work until his death March 24, 2003.
Bernard Rabin's papers concerning his conservation work, beginning ca. 1957, are held by The Winterthur Library.
The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.
Burliuk, David, 1882-1967
Gasser, Henry M., 1909-
Hartman, C. Bertram, 1882-1960
Kollwitz, Käthe, 1867-1945
Konrad, Adolf, 1915-
Krueger, Nathan, 1916-10/29/61
Rabin, Bernard, 1916-2003
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987
Stella, Joseph, 1877-1946
Art Galleries – New Jersey – Newark – History
Artists – New Jersey – 20th Century
Artists – U.S. – 20th Century
Artists – Italy – 20th Century
"Bernard Rabin, 86, Restorer of Artwork in U.S. and Italy," New York Times,, March 30, 2003.
"Bernard Rabin of Cranbury, well-known art restorer, 86," Star-Ledger [Newark, N.J.] , April 10, 2003.
De Salvo, Donna M. and Rizzo, Nicholas F., Jr. Rabin & Krueger Gallery 1935-1974: Reconstructed. Union, NJ: Kean College of New Jersey, 1981.
"Krueger Death Cost N.J. Art a Staunch Advocate," New Jersey Music and Arts, December, 1961.
"N. Krueger, Art Dealer," Newark Evening News, October 30,1961.
"Nathan Krueger, 45, Newark Art Dealer," New York Times, October 30, 1961.
|1||Rabin & Krueger folder: Index of Names & A Brief History of the Gallery|
|2||Rabin & Krueger folder: Gallery Clippings, Catalogs, Krueger 1961 Obit, Rabin 2003 Obit, Exhibition Material for 1981 "Rabin & Krueger Gallery 1935 – 1974: Reconstructed" exhibit at Kean College||1938-1981|
|3||Rabin & Krueger folder: Clippings from newspapers unrelated to the gallery (source material for drawings?)||1935-1939|
|4||Rabin & Krueger folder: Krueger, Nathan – Correspondence (1942-60), photos of art||1942-1960|
|5||Rabin & Krueger folder: (Personal/Family) – Misc. Documents, Correspondence, Photos & Children's Art||1949-1960|
|6||Rabin & Krueger folder: Correspondence (Personal & Gallery-related)||1953-1961|
|7||Rabin & Krueger folder: Unattributed Drawings (charcoal, pencil, pen), water color||1947+|
|8||Rabin & Krueger folder: Rabin, Bernard &ndash Correspondence, much with Nathan Krueger||1953-1961|
|9||Rabin & Krueger folder: I.F., Photographs & negatives||1939-1962|
|10||Ault, George – holiday card with 1924 illustration; 1950 Memorial Exhibition Milch Gallery brochure||1924?-1950|
|11||Ayaso, Manuel – letter||1961|
|12||Baizerman, Saul – gallery brochures, teaching & exhibition notices||1936-1939|
|13||Barnet, Will – gallery brochure and notice||1960+|
|14||Bell, Enid – letter and CV||1958|
|15||Ben-Samuel, Ahron – correspondence||1936|
|16||Benn, Ben – gallery brochure, letter & Britannica biography||1949-1960(?)|
|17||Bluemner, Oscar – 2 copies of B&W photograph of painting, "Landscape"||ca. 1939|
|18||Boumeester, Christine – gallery notices, booklet, correspondence, original watercolor (see also Christine Goetz, Henri Goetz)||1952-1958|
|19||Brecher, Sam – letter||1952|
|20||Brouwers, W. – correspondence||1956|
|21||Brzostoski, John – gallery notices||ca. 1957|
|22||Burliuk, David – gallery brochures and notices (see also oversize Rabin & Krueger box)||1931-1959|
|23||Burliuk, David – gallery notices, correspondence, photographs of paintings, Color and Rhyme magazine index (see also oversize Rabin & Krueger box – 3 issues of Color and Rhyme magazine: #'s 13, 18, & 31)||1931-1960|
|24||Canade, Vincent – correspondence, Britannica bio, artist photo gallery notice||1937-1959|
|25||Cappello, Emanuele – correspondence, photographs of paintings||1960-1961|
|26||Carlin, James – correspondence, gallery notices & brochure||1949-1959|
|27||Chapin, James – bio||1938|
|28||Citron, Minna – photographs of paintings, gallery brochure||1959|
|29||Courlander, David – clippings, photographs of paintings, press release||ca. 1953|
|30||Dailey, Frank – catalog bio||ca. 1939|
|31||Davis Galleries – gallery notices & brochures, letter||1954-1959|
|32||Davis, Hubert – clippings, photographs of paintings, correspondence, gallery notices & brochures||1937-1951|
|33||Davis, James F. – clipping, gallery notice||1940|
|34||Dinnerstein, Harvey – letter||1961|
|35||Dobbs, John B. – letter and gallery notice||1957-1959|
|36||Dovgard, David – photographs of paintings, gallery brochure||1937|
|37||Drewes, Werner – gallery brochure||1936|
|38||Eilshemuis, Louis M. – correspondence||1937-1941|
|39||Eilshemuis, Louis M. – correspondence, gallery brochures & notices||1937-1959|
|40||Epstein, Jacob – clippings, photocopy of photograph of artist's family||1955-1961|
|41||Feldman, Hilda – photographs of paintings, gallery notice||1940|
|42||Fiene, Ernest – correspondence, gallery notice||1938-ca.1952|
|43||Flynn, Roger A. – gallery brochure||1954|
|44||Frank, Helen – gallery notices, original watercolor||1956-1960|
|45||Gasser, Henry – photographs of paintings, book, gallery brochures||1940-1966|
|46||Gasser, Henry – layout of dummy for book "Picture Making," p 1-50||ca. 1920-70|
|47||Gasser, Henry – layout of dummy for book "Picture Making," p 51-80||ca. 1920-70|
|48||Gasser, Henry – layout of dummy for book "Picture Making," p 81-128||ca. 1920-70|
|49||Gasser, Henry – photocopy of layout of dummy for book "Picture Making"||ca. 1920-70|
|50||Gauss, Eugene – gallery notice & brochure||1960|
|51||Goeller, Charles – gallery notice, bio||1940|
|52||Goetz, Christine – correspondence, 3 original works (see also Christine Boumeester, Henri Goetz)||1954-1957|
|53||Goetz, Henri – correspondence, signed books, clipping, gallery notice & brochures||1954-1961|
|54||Gorman, William & Gary, Jan – clippings, gallery program, holiday cards, 8 photographs of paintings||1957|
|55||Grabach, John R. – correspondence, clippings, notices, gallery brochures, photographs of paintings and gallery||1938-1953|
|56||Grazzini, Renzo – gallery brochure and notice (Italian), clipping (Italian), photographs of paintings||1959-1960|
|57||Gropper, William – catalog, gallery list, correspondence||1938- 1958|
|58||Groshans, Werner – postcard||1945|
|59||Gross, Chaim – correspondence, gallery brochures, clippings, movie brochure, photographs of sculptures||1937-1953|
|60||Guidi, Ugo – correspondence||1959|
|61||Guidi, Ugo – photographs of sculpture, mailing envelope||1959|
|62||Gussow, Alan – correspondence, gallery brochure||1961|
|63||Gussow, Bernard (listed variously as Bernar Gussow; see also oversize Rabin & Krueger box) – gallery notices & brochures||1917-1958|
|64||Gussow, Bernard – clippings||1928-1959|
|65||Gussow, Bernard – scrap book & photocopy of scrapbook||1918-1928|
|66||Gussow, Bernard – correspondence||1910-1960|
|67||Gussow, Bernard – correspondence, death notice, notebook, photographic plate, speech, clippings, holiday cards||1905-1960|
|68||Gussow, Bernard – photographs of art and negatives, artist's pin||1938-1950|
|69||Gussow, Bernard – photographs of art and negatives, 3 original (?) drawings||ca. 1920-70|
|70||Gussow, Bernard – personal photographs & negatives||1903-1935|
|71||Hartman, Bertram – photographs, photocopy of envelope||ca. 1920-70|
|72||Hartman, Bertram – gallery notices and brochures, correspondence||1918-1939|
|73||Hartman, Bertram – photographs of stained glass, hooked rug, sculpture, design, & girls life class Art Institute of Chicago 1909||1909-1929|
|74||Hartman, Bertram – photographs of batiks and batiks at a gallery||ca. 1924|
|75||Hartman, Bertram – photographs of urban paintings & 1 negative||1926-1938|
|76||Hartman, Bertram – photographs of nautical paintings||ca. 1937|
|77||Hartman, Bertram – photographs of paintings – people & portraits||1937-1941|
|78||Hartman, Bertram – photographs of still-life paintings||ca. 1940(?)|
|79||Hartman, Bertram – photographs of rural paintings||ca. 1920-70|
|80||Hayward, Peter – 2 photographs of one painting, envelope inscribed "New York Pic"||ca. 1920-70|
|81||Hering, Harry – gallery notices & brochures, original watercolor with envelope||1944-1961|
|82||Hilowitz, Eleanor – correspondence, gallery notice||1955-1961|
|83||Hoffman, H.O. – photograph of painting, "The Beggars"||ca. 1920-70|
|84||Jones, Joe – one letter||1939|
|85||Josende, Leo. P. – one letter||1956|
|86||Kaufman, Stuart – 3 slides of paintings, correspondence, gallery notices & brochures||1958-1961|
|87||Kent, Rockwell – correspondence, MOMA notice||1953-1954|
|88||Kollwitz, Käthe – correspondence, gallery notice, clippings||1948-1960|
|89||Konrad, Adolf – correspondence, gallery notices, 2 original works||1947-1966(?)|
|90||Krigstein, Bernie – correspondence||1957-1959|
|91||Kruse, Alexander – clipping||1949|
|92||Laurent, Robert – correspondence||1938-1957|
|93||Lenney, Annie – correspondence, gallery notices||1956-1958|
|94||Leon, Ralph – clippings, correspondence, gallery notices||1953-1961|
|95||Loffredo, Silvio – gallery notice (Livorno, Italy)||1952|
|96||Loughran, William S. – photograph of painting, gallery biography||ca. 1939|
|97||Louis, Lynn – letter and gallery notice||1960|
|98||Lozowick, Louis – correspondence, gallery notices||1953-1961|
|99||Lucchesi, Bruno – correspondence||1959|
|100||Ludwig, Amalia – gallery notices||1938|
|101||Mager, Gus – correspondence||1933-1960|
|102||Mager, Gus – clippings, photographs of paintings, gallery brochures & notices, Britannica biography||1937-1956|
|103||Mariani, Leonardo – one letter, one holiday card (original painting)||ca. 1954|
|104||Marma, Rodolfo – correspondence, photographs of sculpture & painting||1949-1961|
|105||Marsh, Anne Steele – correspondence, clipping, gallery brochure||ca.1939-1951|
|106||Masieri, Enzo – correspondence, clippings (Italian)||1953-1959|
|107||Maurer, Leonard – correspondence, gallery brochure, photographs of Paintings, clippings||1953-1960|
|108||Mosca, August – correspondence, gallery brochures & notices||1942-1960|
|109||Moser, Kurt – one letter||1959|
|110||Mostaccio, V. – receipt||1958|
|111||Muse, Issac Lane – clippings, photographs of paintings, biography||1933-ca.1939|
|112||Naeve, Lowell – correspondence, book notices||1959|
|113||Picken, George – one letter||1936|
|114||Pielage, Josef – correspondence||1941|
|115||Pollack, Max – one letter||1960|
|116||Polloni, Silvio – correspondence, photographs of paintings, gallery notice (Italy), photograph of artist||1959-1960|
|117||Rist, Luigi – gallery brochure||ca. 1920-70|
|118||Rivera, Diego – photographs of paintings||1906-1956|
|119||Rose, Herman – gallery brochures, original print, Britannica biography||1946-1960|
|120||Rosmini, John – gallery brochure||ca.1946|
|121||Rothman, Max – correspondence, photographs of paintings, gallery brochure & notice||ca. 1939-1942|
|122||Russinow, Irving – written draft of gallery notice|||
|123||Russell, Gordon – one letter, one clipping||1958|
|124||St. Lawrence, Joseph – one letter||1959|
|125||Sandol, Maynard – gallery invitation||ca. 1920-70|
|126||Schaffer, Rose – correspondence, clipping||1957-1961|
|127||Schonwalter, Jean – correspondence, gallery brochures||1956-1957|
|128||Schwartz, Lillian – gallery brochure||1967|
|129||Scolamiero, Peter – gallery notice||ca. 1920-70|
|130||Scudder, Antoinette – correspondence||1940-1941|
|131||Sebastian, Gonzalo – gallery brochure||1958|
|132||Sibirnyi, Alex – clippings, gallery brochure||1959|
|133||Simpson, Marshall – correspondence, gallery brochures, photographs of paintings, clippings||1938-1948|
|134||Simpson, Maxwell – correspondence, gallery brochure, clippings, holiday cards||1936-1960|
|135||Sloan, John – clipping, one letter||1936-1940|
|136||Smith, Vern – correspondence, holiday cards, one with original painting gallery notice||1957-1961|
|137||Sopher, Aaron – correspondence, biography||1956|
|138||Soyer, Moses – correspondence, gallery brochures, photographs of paintings, photograph of artist signed by artist, holiday cards||1938-1960|
|139||Soyer, Raphael – correspondence, extract from 1960 speech||1936-1961|
|140||Soyer, Raphael – dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings, pages 1-70; envelope with all loose text blocks||ca. 1920-70|
|141||Soyer, Raphael – photographs of models, book, gallery notice||1946-1950|
|142||Soyer, Raphael – dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings, pages 71-112;||ca.1959-1960|
|143||Soyer, Raphael – dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings, pages 113-156||ca.1959-1960|
|144||Soyer, Raphael – dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings, pages 157-190||ca.1959-1960|
|145||Soyer, Raphael – photocopy of dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings||ca.1959-1960|
|146||Soyer, Raphael – page proofs of art for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings. More in Rabin And Krueger Oversize box||ca.1959-1960|
|147||Soyer, Raphael – gallery brochures and notices||1935-1961|
|148||Soyer, Raphael – photographs of paintings||1959|
|149||Soyer, Raphael – clippings, Britannica biography||1937-1961|
|150||Sozio, Armando – correspondence, gallery brochures||1960|
|151||Spindler, Louis – gallery notices, photograph of painting: "House of Moliere, Montmartre, Paris"||1952-1957|
|152||Stella, Joseph – correspondence, gallery brochures, Britannica bio, photographs of paintings, clippings (4/30/39 Newark Evening News article mentions other Rabin & Krueger artists: Gus Mager, Bernar Gussow, Vincent Canade, John R, Grabach, & Maxwell Simpson)||1937-1960|
|153||Sternberg, Harry – correspondence||1936-1939|
|154||Tielkemeir, Ken – correspondence, gallery brochure, photographs of paintings and artist||1957-1959|
|155||Tielkemeir, Ken – photographs of paintings by Dino Caponi and of artist||1956-1958|
|156||Toppi, Mario – correspondence, negative and photographs of paintings, gallery||1923-1960|
|157||Triano, Anthony T. – clipping, correspondence, gallery notice||1956-1958|
|158||Van Den, Boomer H. – correspondence, photographs of paintings||1954-1959|
|159||Van Ramp, Joe – correspondence, original pen drawings, gallery notices, artist photo, original water color. More in Rabin and Krueger oversize box.||1937-1961|
|160||Walkowitz, Abraham – clipping||1930|
|161||Weingartner, Hans – correspondence, gallery notice||1936-1940|
|162||Wickey, Harry – gallery brochures, catalog copy||ca. 1939|
|163||Wiggins, Guy – correspondence||1956|
|164||Zimmerman, Perry – correspondence||1958-1959|
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