Special Collections Division

 

Finding Aid to the Rabin and Krueger Gallery Collection, 1903-2003 (bulk: 1935-1961)

Processed by Whit Waterbury, November 2010 – February 2011.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Rabin and Krueger Gallery Collection
Dates: 1903-2003 (bulk: 1935-1961)
Extent: 6.17 lin. ft. (2 file drawers & 1 oversize flat box)
Abstract: Collection of papers, photographs, etc. pertaining to artists represented by the Cooperative Gallery and later thr Rabin and Krueger Gallery in Newark, New Jersey.
Provenance: Gift of Bernard Rabin, ca. 1974.
Preferred Citation: This collection should be cited as: Rabin and Krueger Gallery Collection, Special Collections Division, Newark Public Library.
Collection Call Number: RG 4

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Restrictions on Access

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

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Scope and Content

The Rabin and Krueger Collection is comprised of the contents of the files from the two galleries operated by Bernard Rabin and Nathan Krueger. These contents include correspondence, photographs and negatives, both of artists, their works, and their installations, gallery notices, gallery brochures, clippings, artist book project materials, and holiday cards. The gallery represented contemporary artists, and most of them were painters. The artists were from both the United States, mostly New Jersey, and Europe, mostly Italy, and included Bernard Gussow, Henry Gasser, Raphael Soyer, and Joseph Stella.

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Processing Note

With the exception of some material concerning a 1981 exhibit about Rabin and Krueger, materials dated after the gallery closing were presumed to be added by library staff and were removed to the artists' information files.

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Biographical Note

Nathan Krueger – born 1916; died October 29, 1961, Newark, NJ.

Krueger was known for his assistance to and encouragement of young artists, but also as a strong promoter and supporter of the Newark Museum. In 1938 he was instrumental in their acquisition of Joseph Stella's five panel New York Interpreted (1922), which the Museum owns to this day. Krueger was a patron of Rafael Soyer, about whom Krueger edited and published a book called: Raphael Soyer Paintings and Drawings. In addition to his work with Bernard Rabin, Krueger was a leader in establishing the American Arts Congress in New Jersey, as well as sponsoring several art groups in New York.

Bernard Rabin – born November 1, 1916, Bronx, NY; died March 24, 2003, Boynton Beach, FL.

Mr. Rabin studied at Newark State Teachers College (now, Kean University) but was expelled for exhibiting a nude painting. He was later awarded an honorary degree by the university. In addition to his work with Nathan Krueger and their gallery he was renowned for his work in art restoration.

He studied with Brooklyn Museum conservators Sheldon and Caroline Keck. He was credited with developing a method for removing a painting from its original canvas and transferring it intact to a new support.

Mr. Rabin led the American team of restoration experts at the Uffizi Galleries in Florence after the floods of November 1966. He also was credited with saving a waterlogged collection of early musical instruments at Florence's Bardini museum.

He refurbished the Brumidi fresco inside the Capital dome in Washington, D.C. and restored the ceiling at the U.S. Library of Congress. He restored a portrait of Andrew Jackson in the White House. He worked on many works at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art and Museum of Modern Art, including Monet's Water Lillies.

He was a Fellow of the American Institute of Conservation and the International Institute of Conservation. He taught conservation and restoration at Princeton, where he was conservator of the university's art collection.

Together they established the Rabin and Krueger American Drawing Fund at the Newark Museum.

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Historical Note

Bernard Rabin and Nathan Krueger met in 1927 at an art class at Fawcett School (later the Newark School of Fine and Industrial Arts). They began what would be a 26 year partnership as Newark art dealers on November 1, 1935. They established their first gallery, The Cooperative Gallery, May 1, 1936, at 120 Washington Street, to reflect the "American scene as local artists portrayed it." The gallery also offered framing and restoration services.

Their first show included works by John R. Grabach, Bernard Gussow, Raphel Soyer, Diego Rivera, Joseph Stella, and Bertram Hartman. In 1937 they showed the works of six photographers, including Berenice Abbott, Margaret Bourke-White and Irving Rusinow. In 1937 they also sponsored, with the American Artists Congress, the "First Annual New Jersey Competitive Exhibition."

In 1939 they changed the name to the Rabin and Krueger Gallery and relocated to 95 Halsey Street. The gallery moved for the last time in 1946 to 47 Halsey Street, Newark, where they continued exhibitions and the framing and restoration business. In 1947 they hired James Nutile, a young artist who started as a part-time framer. He moved to full-time and helped Krueger design special frame moldings.

After their 20th anniversary in 1956 Rabin began to focus on art conservation. This interest took him on a work–study program at the Uffizi Galleries. Krueger began work on a monograph on Raphael Soyer entitled Raphael Soyer Paintings and Drawings that was published in 1961.

On October 29, 1961 Nathan Krueger died. Rabin was deeply involved in his conservation but decided to keep the gallery open and offered gallery partnership to James Nutile who accepted. After the riots in the summer of 1967 Newark fell on severely hard times, with business and home-owners fleeing the city. Nutile considered moving the gallery but decided, instead, with Rabin, to close its doors in 1974.

Bernard Rabin continued with his conservation and restoration work until his death March 24, 2003.

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Related Collections

Bernard Rabin's papers concerning his conservation work, beginning ca. 1957, are held by The Winterthur Library.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.

Subject Names:

Burliuk, David, 1882-1967
Gasser, Henry M., 1909-[1981]
Gussow, Bernard
Hartman, C. Bertram, 1882-1960
Kollwitz, Käthe, 1867-1945
Konrad, Adolf, 1915-[2003]
Krueger, Nathan, 1916-10/29/61
Rabin, Bernard, 1916-2003
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987
Stella, Joseph, 1877-1946

Subject Topics:

Art, Modern
Art Galleries – New Jersey – Newark – History
Artists – New Jersey – 20th Century
Artists – U.S. – 20th Century
Artists – Italy – 20th Century
Social Realism

Document Types:

Brochures
Clippings
Drawings
Letters
Negatives
Photographs
Watercolors

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Bibliography

"Bernard Rabin, 86, Restorer of Artwork in U.S. and Italy," New York Times,, March 30, 2003.
"Bernard Rabin of Cranbury, well-known art restorer, 86," Star-Ledger [Newark, N.J.] , April 10, 2003.
De Salvo, Donna M. and Rizzo, Nicholas F., Jr. Rabin & Krueger Gallery 1935-1974: Reconstructed. Union, NJ: Kean College of New Jersey, 1981.
"Krueger Death Cost N.J. Art a Staunch Advocate," New Jersey Music and Arts, December, 1961.
"N. Krueger, Art Dealer," Newark Evening News, October 30,1961.
"Nathan Krueger, 45, Newark Art Dealer," New York Times, October 30, 1961.

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Container List

Folder
Contents
Dates
1 Rabin & Krueger folder: Index of Names & A Brief History of the Gallery
2 Rabin & Krueger folder: Gallery Clippings, Catalogs, Krueger 1961 Obit, Rabin 2003 Obit, Exhibition Material for 1981 "Rabin & Krueger Gallery 1935 – 1974: Reconstructed" exhibit at Kean College 1938-1981
3 Rabin & Krueger folder: Clippings from newspapers unrelated to the gallery (source material for drawings?) 1935-1939
4 Rabin & Krueger folder: Krueger, Nathan – Correspondence (1942-60), photos of art 1942-1960
5 Rabin & Krueger folder: (Personal/Family) – Misc. Documents, Correspondence, Photos & Children's Art 1949-1960
6 Rabin & Krueger folder: Correspondence (Personal & Gallery-related) 1953-1961
7 Rabin & Krueger folder: Unattributed Drawings (charcoal, pencil, pen), water color 1947+
8 Rabin & Krueger folder: Rabin, Bernard &ndash Correspondence, much with Nathan Krueger 1953-1961
9 Rabin & Krueger folder: I.F., Photographs & negatives 1939-1962
10 Ault, George – holiday card with 1924 illustration; 1950 Memorial Exhibition Milch Gallery brochure 1924?-1950
11 Ayaso, Manuel – letter 1961
12 Baizerman, Saul – gallery brochures, teaching & exhibition notices 1936-1939
13 Barnet, Will – gallery brochure and notice 1960+
14 Bell, Enid – letter and CV 1958
15 Ben-Samuel, Ahron – correspondence 1936
16 Benn, Ben – gallery brochure, letter & Britannica biography 1949-1960(?)
17 Bluemner, Oscar – 2 copies of B&W photograph of painting, "Landscape" ca. 1939
18 Boumeester, Christine – gallery notices, booklet, correspondence, original watercolor (see also Christine Goetz, Henri Goetz) 1952-1958
19 Brecher, Sam – letter 1952
20 Brouwers, W. – correspondence 1956
21 Brzostoski, John – gallery notices ca. 1957
22 Burliuk, David – gallery brochures and notices (see also oversize Rabin & Krueger box) 1931-1959
23 Burliuk, David – gallery notices, correspondence, photographs of paintings, Color and Rhyme magazine index (see also oversize Rabin & Krueger box – 3 issues of Color and Rhyme magazine: #'s 13, 18, & 31) 1931-1960
24 Canade, Vincent – correspondence, Britannica bio, artist photo gallery notice 1937-1959
25 Cappello, Emanuele – correspondence, photographs of paintings 1960-1961
26 Carlin, James – correspondence, gallery notices & brochure 1949-1959
27 Chapin, James – bio 1938
28 Citron, Minna – photographs of paintings, gallery brochure 1959
29 Courlander, David – clippings, photographs of paintings, press release ca. 1953
30 Dailey, Frank – catalog bio ca. 1939
31 Davis Galleries – gallery notices & brochures, letter 1954-1959
32 Davis, Hubert – clippings, photographs of paintings, correspondence, gallery notices & brochures 1937-1951
33 Davis, James F. – clipping, gallery notice 1940
34 Dinnerstein, Harvey – letter 1961
35 Dobbs, John B. – letter and gallery notice 1957-1959
36 Dovgard, David – photographs of paintings, gallery brochure 1937
37 Drewes, Werner – gallery brochure 1936
38 Eilshemuis, Louis M. – correspondence 1937-1941
39 Eilshemuis, Louis M. – correspondence, gallery brochures & notices 1937-1959
40 Epstein, Jacob – clippings, photocopy of photograph of artist's family 1955-1961
41 Feldman, Hilda – photographs of paintings, gallery notice 1940
42 Fiene, Ernest – correspondence, gallery notice 1938-ca.1952
43 Flynn, Roger A. – gallery brochure 1954
44 Frank, Helen – gallery notices, original watercolor 1956-1960
45 Gasser, Henry – photographs of paintings, book, gallery brochures 1940-1966
46 Gasser, Henry – layout of dummy for book "Picture Making," p 1-50 ca. 1920-70
47 Gasser, Henry – layout of dummy for book "Picture Making," p 51-80 ca. 1920-70
48 Gasser, Henry – layout of dummy for book "Picture Making," p 81-128 ca. 1920-70
49 Gasser, Henry – photocopy of layout of dummy for book "Picture Making" ca. 1920-70
50 Gauss, Eugene – gallery notice & brochure 1960
51 Goeller, Charles – gallery notice, bio 1940
52 Goetz, Christine – correspondence, 3 original works (see also Christine Boumeester, Henri Goetz) 1954-1957
53 Goetz, Henri – correspondence, signed books, clipping, gallery notice & brochures 1954-1961
54 Gorman, William & Gary, Jan – clippings, gallery program, holiday cards, 8 photographs of paintings 1957
55 Grabach, John R. – correspondence, clippings, notices, gallery brochures, photographs of paintings and gallery 1938-1953
56 Grazzini, Renzo – gallery brochure and notice (Italian), clipping (Italian), photographs of paintings 1959-1960
57 Gropper, William – catalog, gallery list, correspondence 1938- 1958
58 Groshans, Werner – postcard 1945
59 Gross, Chaim – correspondence, gallery brochures, clippings, movie brochure, photographs of sculptures 1937-1953
60 Guidi, Ugo – correspondence 1959
61 Guidi, Ugo – photographs of sculpture, mailing envelope 1959
62 Gussow, Alan – correspondence, gallery brochure 1961
63 Gussow, Bernard (listed variously as Bernar Gussow; see also oversize Rabin & Krueger box) – gallery notices & brochures 1917-1958
64 Gussow, Bernard – clippings 1928-1959
65 Gussow, Bernard – scrap book & photocopy of scrapbook 1918-1928
66 Gussow, Bernard – correspondence 1910-1960
67 Gussow, Bernard – correspondence, death notice, notebook, photographic plate, speech, clippings, holiday cards 1905-1960
68 Gussow, Bernard – photographs of art and negatives, artist's pin 1938-1950
69 Gussow, Bernard – photographs of art and negatives, 3 original (?) drawings ca. 1920-70
70 Gussow, Bernard – personal photographs & negatives 1903-1935
71 Hartman, Bertram – photographs, photocopy of envelope ca. 1920-70
72 Hartman, Bertram – gallery notices and brochures, correspondence 1918-1939
73 Hartman, Bertram – photographs of stained glass, hooked rug, sculpture, design, & girls life class Art Institute of Chicago 1909 1909-1929
74 Hartman, Bertram – photographs of batiks and batiks at a gallery ca. 1924
75 Hartman, Bertram – photographs of urban paintings & 1 negative 1926-1938
76 Hartman, Bertram – photographs of nautical paintings ca. 1937
77 Hartman, Bertram – photographs of paintings – people & portraits 1937-1941
78 Hartman, Bertram – photographs of still-life paintings ca. 1940(?)
79 Hartman, Bertram – photographs of rural paintings ca. 1920-70
80 Hayward, Peter – 2 photographs of one painting, envelope inscribed "New York Pic" ca. 1920-70
81 Hering, Harry – gallery notices & brochures, original watercolor with envelope 1944-1961
82 Hilowitz, Eleanor – correspondence, gallery notice 1955-1961
83 Hoffman, H.O. – photograph of painting, "The Beggars" ca. 1920-70
84 Jones, Joe – one letter 1939
85 Josende, Leo. P. – one letter 1956
86 Kaufman, Stuart – 3 slides of paintings, correspondence, gallery notices & brochures 1958-1961
87 Kent, Rockwell – correspondence, MOMA notice 1953-1954
88 Kollwitz, Käthe – correspondence, gallery notice, clippings 1948-1960
89 Konrad, Adolf – correspondence, gallery notices, 2 original works 1947-1966(?)
90 Krigstein, Bernie – correspondence 1957-1959
91 Kruse, Alexander – clipping 1949
92 Laurent, Robert – correspondence 1938-1957
93 Lenney, Annie – correspondence, gallery notices 1956-1958
94 Leon, Ralph – clippings, correspondence, gallery notices 1953-1961
95 Loffredo, Silvio – gallery notice (Livorno, Italy) 1952
96 Loughran, William S. – photograph of painting, gallery biography ca. 1939
97 Louis, Lynn – letter and gallery notice 1960
98 Lozowick, Louis – correspondence, gallery notices 1953-1961
99 Lucchesi, Bruno – correspondence 1959
100 Ludwig, Amalia – gallery notices 1938
101 Mager, Gus – correspondence 1933-1960
102 Mager, Gus – clippings, photographs of paintings, gallery brochures & notices, Britannica biography 1937-1956
103 Mariani, Leonardo – one letter, one holiday card (original painting) ca. 1954
104 Marma, Rodolfo – correspondence, photographs of sculpture & painting 1949-1961
105 Marsh, Anne Steele – correspondence, clipping, gallery brochure ca.1939-1951
106 Masieri, Enzo – correspondence, clippings (Italian) 1953-1959
107 Maurer, Leonard – correspondence, gallery brochure, photographs of Paintings, clippings 1953-1960
108 Mosca, August – correspondence, gallery brochures & notices 1942-1960
109 Moser, Kurt – one letter 1959
110 Mostaccio, V. – receipt 1958
111 Muse, Issac Lane – clippings, photographs of paintings, biography 1933-ca.1939
112 Naeve, Lowell – correspondence, book notices 1959
113 Picken, George – one letter 1936
114 Pielage, Josef – correspondence 1941
115 Pollack, Max – one letter 1960
116 Polloni, Silvio – correspondence, photographs of paintings, gallery notice (Italy), photograph of artist 1959-1960
117 Rist, Luigi – gallery brochure ca. 1920-70
118 Rivera, Diego – photographs of paintings 1906-1956
119 Rose, Herman – gallery brochures, original print, Britannica biography 1946-1960
120 Rosmini, John – gallery brochure ca.1946
121 Rothman, Max – correspondence, photographs of paintings, gallery brochure & notice ca. 1939-1942
122 Russinow, Irving – written draft of gallery notice [1937]
123 Russell, Gordon – one letter, one clipping 1958
124 St. Lawrence, Joseph – one letter 1959
125 Sandol, Maynard – gallery invitation ca. 1920-70
126 Schaffer, Rose – correspondence, clipping 1957-1961
127 Schonwalter, Jean – correspondence, gallery brochures 1956-1957
128 Schwartz, Lillian – gallery brochure 1967
129 Scolamiero, Peter – gallery notice ca. 1920-70
130 Scudder, Antoinette – correspondence 1940-1941
131 Sebastian, Gonzalo – gallery brochure 1958
132 Sibirnyi, Alex – clippings, gallery brochure 1959
133 Simpson, Marshall – correspondence, gallery brochures, photographs of paintings, clippings 1938-1948
134 Simpson, Maxwell – correspondence, gallery brochure, clippings, holiday cards 1936-1960
135 Sloan, John – clipping, one letter 1936-1940
136 Smith, Vern – correspondence, holiday cards, one with original painting gallery notice 1957-1961
137 Sopher, Aaron – correspondence, biography 1956
138 Soyer, Moses – correspondence, gallery brochures, photographs of paintings, photograph of artist signed by artist, holiday cards 1938-1960
139 Soyer, Raphael – correspondence, extract from 1960 speech 1936-1961
140 Soyer, Raphael – dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings, pages 1-70; envelope with all loose text blocks ca. 1920-70
141 Soyer, Raphael – photographs of models, book, gallery notice 1946-1950
142 Soyer, Raphael – dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings, pages 71-112; ca.1959-1960
143 Soyer, Raphael – dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings, pages 113-156 ca.1959-1960
144 Soyer, Raphael – dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings, pages 157-190 ca.1959-1960
145 Soyer, Raphael – photocopy of dummy layout for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings ca.1959-1960
146 Soyer, Raphael – page proofs of art for book: Raphael Soyer, Paintings and Drawings. More in Rabin And Krueger Oversize box ca.1959-1960
147 Soyer, Raphael – gallery brochures and notices 1935-1961
148 Soyer, Raphael – photographs of paintings 1959
149 Soyer, Raphael – clippings, Britannica biography 1937-1961
150 Sozio, Armando – correspondence, gallery brochures 1960
151 Spindler, Louis – gallery notices, photograph of painting: "House of Moliere, Montmartre, Paris" 1952-1957
152 Stella, Joseph – correspondence, gallery brochures, Britannica bio, photographs of paintings, clippings (4/30/39 Newark Evening News article mentions other Rabin & Krueger artists: Gus Mager, Bernar Gussow, Vincent Canade, John R, Grabach, & Maxwell Simpson) 1937-1960
153 Sternberg, Harry – correspondence 1936-1939
154 Tielkemeir, Ken – correspondence, gallery brochure, photographs of paintings and artist 1957-1959
155 Tielkemeir, Ken – photographs of paintings by Dino Caponi and of artist 1956-1958
156 Toppi, Mario – correspondence, negative and photographs of paintings, gallery 1923-1960
157 Triano, Anthony T. – clipping, correspondence, gallery notice 1956-1958
158 Van Den, Boomer H. – correspondence, photographs of paintings 1954-1959
159 Van Ramp, Joe – correspondence, original pen drawings, gallery notices, artist photo, original water color. More in Rabin and Krueger oversize box. 1937-1961
160 Walkowitz, Abraham – clipping 1930
161 Weingartner, Hans – correspondence, gallery notice 1936-1940
162 Wickey, Harry – gallery brochures, catalog copy ca. 1939
163 Wiggins, Guy – correspondence 1956
164 Zimmerman, Perry – correspondence 1958-1959

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