Primary Source Set: Community Organizing - Newark Public Library

Primary Source Set: Community Organizing

Primary Source Set: Community Organizing 

This guide links to a small number of items from our collections to get you started on research. To see many more items view the digital collection. You can also e-mail us or view our website for more information on non-digitized collections. Content note: some of the primary sources quoted include offensive racist language.

Community Associations & Organizations

From the early days of the city clubs, non-profits and organizations worked to bring together city residents for pleasure, assistance or to improve living conditions.

  1. Newark Social Settlement Association, 1905
  2. Negro Welfare League – Minutes, Sept 1917
  3. NAACP Minutes, Newark NJ Branch, 1919-1923
  4. Phillis Wheatley Literary Club, materials 1939-1973
  5. Coming of Age, YWCA, 1942
  6. Clinton Hill Neighborhood founding document, 1956
  7. Our Heritage, NJ State Federation of Colored Womens’ Clubs, c. 1957
  8. Man in Emotional Space, Family Service Bureau, 1958
  9. What BICC will do in 1971, 1970
  10. El Club del Barrio Brochure, 1975
  11. Early brochure for Ironbound Community Corporation, 1977
  12. Tri-City, the One That Lasted, 1978
  13. Annual Report La Casa De Don Pedro, 1990


Protests and Organizing

Groups across the city protested for various causes throughout the city’s history. Common causes included better schools (Documents A and R), racial justice or understanding (Documents G, M and N), better housing (Documents B, H-K and S), jobs (Documents D and O) and the environment (Documents P and Q). There were also quality of life protests, such as protests to save the Wilson Ave. Bathhouse (Document L). Citizens protests urban renewal both when highway construction threatened their neighborhoods (Document B) and when the Medical School construction threatened homes (Document E). Two famous struggles were the Stella Homes rent strike (Document H), the longest rent strike at the time, and the Kawaida struggle where Italians and African Americans clashed over proposed public housing (Document I). Today, groups like Ironbound Community Corporation and People’s Organization for Progress (Document T) continue to protest for better conditions.

  1. Clinton Hill Rally For Better Schools, 1961
  2. Come To Save Our Homes Rally, 1962
  3. Flier to protest against Cardinal Glove Co., 1963
  4. Join the Non-Violent Demonstrations for Jobs and Freedom, 1964
  5. Medical School Fight, 1967
  6. Mass Arrest Procedures, 1968
  7. Dennis Westbrooks Speaks at March for Understanding. 1968
  8. Stella Wright Rent Strike, 1972
  9. Support Kawaida Bail Fund, 1974
  10. Tenants United no. 1, 1977
  11. NCN early publication. 1980
  12. Flier “Wet Down” Protest, 1980s
  13. Demonstration Against Black Oppression, 1981
  14. Green Ribbon Protest (for Atlanta child killings), 1981
  15. Help Fight For Jobs! Protest Unemployment Rally, 1983
  16. Photo: March Against The Incinerator, 1984
  17. Ironbound Committee Against Toxic Waste, 1984
  18. Flier: Land for Learning Rally, 2000
  19. Expanding the HUD Tenant’s Coalition, 2003
  20. Robert Curvin Interview: Larry Hamm, c. 2008